Ferro Titanium is an alloy of iron and titanium with between 10–20% iron and 45–75% titanium and sometimes a small amount of carbon. Ferro Titanium can be manufactured by mixing Titanium Sponge and scrap with iron and melting them together in an induction furnace.
1. Used in steelmaking as a cleansing agent for iron and steel. The titanium is highly reactive with sulfur, carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen, forming insoluble compounds and sequestering them in slag, and is therefore used for deoxidizing, and sometimes for desulfurization and denitrogenation.
2. In steelmaking, the addition of titanium yields metal with finer grain structure.
3. Ferro Titanium powder can be used as a fuel in some pyrotechnic compositions.